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Transport is the most active sector of the WBIF, amounting to nearly 50% of the portfolio, with railways and roads being the largest sub-sectors. To overcome the legacy of fragmented networks, a considerable part of the region’s transport network still requires rehabilitation and upgrading. To facilitate regional trade and deliver sustainable economic growth, the implementation of EU standards and connectivity reform measures as well as the promotion of low pollution multimodal transport solutions have become a priority for the region.

The benefits of signing the Transport Community Treaty in 2017 and the establishment of its Secretariat in Belgrade are reflected in better planning of transport investments on the indicative extension of TEN-T Core Network to the Western Balkans. 

The Economic and Investment Plan for the Western Balkans sets out a substantial investment package for regional interconnections. The projects supported by the WBIF follow the priority investment flagships of the Plan: Flagship 1 - Connecting East to West, Flagship 2 - Connecting North to South, Flagship 3 - Connecting the coastal regions.

Achieved results (2009 - 2021): 

  • 800 km of local and regional roads
  • 137 km of motorways, 1 cross-border bridge and border crossing facility
  • Enhanced urban mobility for over 1.3 million people in Belgrade

Expected results (2022 - 2030):

  • 625 km of motorways, 1 cross-border bridge and border crossing facility
  • 1,383 km of railway lines rehabilitated, 1 joint border station
  • 1 maritime and 2 inland ports renovated
  • Improved navigability on 40 km of waterway

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